• <progress id="jsvqi"><track id="jsvqi"><noframes id="jsvqi"></noframes></track></progress>
  • <li id="jsvqi"></li>
      <progress id="jsvqi"><big id="jsvqi"><video id="jsvqi"></video></big></progress>

      <dd id="jsvqi"><pre id="jsvqi"></pre></dd>
      <rp id="jsvqi"></rp>
      <dd id="jsvqi"><track id="jsvqi"></track></dd>
      毕业论文
      职称论文发表
      论文 论文发表
      7彩论文网专业提供论文与 表服务其次提供论文范文免费阅读
      经济论文| 管理论文| 法学论文| 教学论文| 教育论文| 新闻传播| 财政税收| 财务管理| 市场营销| 物流论文| 教师论文| 保险论文| 心理学| 图书馆>
      会计论文| 医学论文| 文学论文| 英语论文| 医院管理| 护理论文| 政治论文| 哲学论文| 医药论文| 计算机| 社会学| 艺术| 科学| 工程| 文化| MBA
      关于简述建筑工程各阶段的造价制约与管理网站位置: >> 工程论文 >> 雕塑工程论文 >> 浏览文章
      简述建筑工程各阶段的造价制约与管理

      论文导读:,不能一味求快,而应求精! 3、招标阶段  科学合理地编制标底,制定严密的招标文件。标底是建设单位拟建工程投资的底数。单位没有条件,应请有资格的咨询单位代编;有条件的单位尽量自行编制。编制标底时要与市场的实际变化相吻合,要实事求是、切合实际,保证标底编制质量,把工程标底制约在合理造价的下限。公平竞争,合理招

      建筑工程各阶段的造价控制与管理摘要:如何有效进行工程造价管理并在确保工程质量的前提下降低工程造价是各级工程造价部门和投资者比较关注的理由。抓好工程造价管理这一环节,以合理确定和有效制约工程造价为目标,对其实行全过程、全方位的管理,就有可能把其他环节和诸多单位的工作带动起来,提高投资的经济效益和社会效益。本文就建筑工程各阶段的造价制约与管理做简要分析。
        关键词:建筑工程;各阶段;造价;制约;管理
        1、决策阶段
        投资决策是项目建设的最初阶段也是最主要阶段。项目投资决策是选择和决定投资行动方案的过程,是对拟建项目的必要性和可比性进行技术经济论证,对不同建设方案进行技术经济比较选择、作出判断和决定的过程。项目投资决策是投资行动的准则。正确的项目投资行动来源于正确的项目投资决策。由此可见,项目决策正确与否直接关系到工程造价的高低及投资效果的好坏。正确决策是合理确定与制约工程造价的前提。
        工程造价的确定与制约贯穿于项目建设的全过程,但决策阶段各项技术经济决策,对该项目的工程造价有重大影响,特别是建设标准水平的确定、建设地点的选择、工艺的评选、设备的选用等,直接关系到工程造价的高低。据有关资料统计显示,在项目建设各大阶段中,投资决策阶段影响工程造价的程度最高,可达八至九成之多。因此建设单位必须对项目的决策给予足够的重视。
        2、设计阶段
        建立设计竞争机制。改善和完善现行的设计方案招标办法,在方案评选时要求设计者提供方案设计概算,明确概算制约指标,将技术指标与经济指标有机地结合起来,将经济指标的权重适当提高,转变过去只重技术指标,忽视经济指标的评标办法。改革现行的设计取费标准,按造价设计取费的基数不超过限额设计的基数。在具体实施中可针对不同情况,制定相应的奖罚措施。
        推广设计监理制度。主管部门应在搞好政府监管的同时,一方面应尽快建立设计监理单位资质的审批条件,加强设计监理人才的引进、培训、考核和注册工作,制定设计监理工作的职责、收费标准等;另一方面通过行政手段来保证设计监理的推广力度,为设计监理的社会化、市场化提供有利条件。
        积极优化设计方案。通过优化设计方案来制约投资是一个综合性理由,进行投资制约并非一味地减少投资,而是要依据项目的具体情况进行平衡和调节,既要鼓励采用先进工艺和技术,又要防止投资扩大和超出。最好的方案不一定是造价最低的方案,不能片面强调节约投资,好的设计方案不仅应该技术先进、功能优越,而且其投资要有最优的性能价格比。
        尽量减少设计变更。首先,应严禁通过设计变更擅自扩大建设规模、提高设计标准、增加建设内容,一般情况下不允许设计变更,除非不变更会影响项目功能的正常发挥;其次,认真对待必须发生的设计变更,及时核算有关设计变更的造价,对于有理由或者费用偏高的项目可重新考虑,进行多方案比较,不能一味求快,而应求精。
        3、招标阶段
        科学合理地编制标底,制定严密的招标文件。标底是建设单位拟建工程投资的底数。单位没有条件,应请有资格的咨询单位代编;有条件的单位尽量自行编制。编制标底时要与市场的实际变化相吻合,要实事求是、切合实际,保证标底编制质量,把工程标底制约在合理造价的下限。公平竞争,合理招投标。实行公平合理的招投标,可使承担的工程造价更加合理,并可有效地制约工程造价。所以在招投标过程中,要有明确的透明度,使招投标单位思想明确,对招投标工作放心,真正体现市场经济的公平竞争。
        确定适合的发包方式,慎重地选择施工队伍。业主可根据工程的规模、性质、特点,确定合适的发包方式来制约工程造价。当然,不管采用哪种发包方式都应该进行招标,引进竞争机制,使各施工方在保证最低的企业利润情况下,报出非常优惠的价格,杜绝议标或变相议标。实践证明,凡是先开工后定价的工程多半造价偏高。必须根据工程规模、技术要求,认真挑选施工单位。对于一些较大而又复杂的重要工程,应选择技术、资金、施工力量雄厚的施工企业,对一些中小型项目则可选择小的施工企业,这样可避开大的公司报价高、搞小型项目在工程质量上不被重视的情况。
        4、施工阶段
        熟悉设计图纸和设计要求,对可能出现的工程费用变化大的部分和环节,作为重点造价制约对象;施工前,要组织施工人员到现场踏勘,并对图纸进行会审、技术交底,避开施工中出现不应有的返工,特别是那种涉及费用较高的设计变更,必须经设计单位、建设单位现场代表、监理公司、施工单位等几方在现场核实并进行技术及经济比较,尽量减少合同外费用。
        熟悉施工组织设计,严格制约工程变更。做为建设单位造价管理人员应该认真参加图纸会审和设计交底,熟悉施工操作规程和技术标准,要根据设计、施工图等有关技术资料,熟悉该项工程拟定的施工策略、施工顺序、作业组织形式、机械设备选型、技术组织措施等。工程变更所引起的工程量的变化和承包方的索赔等都有可能使项目建设成本支出超出原来的预算成本。建设单位的工程造价管理人员必须参与制约工程变更管理,严格制约工程变更签证操作,做到不准随意变更批准的设计图纸,不准随意增加项目,不准随意提高设计标准。
        加强合同管理与设计审查。施工合同是工程建设的主要合同,它明确企业在工程承包中的权利和义务,将工程招投标、工程款的拨付方式、索赔方式、材料的购置、竣工结算方式等以法律的形式确定下来,是企业组织施工、进行项目经验的法律依据。把好施工组织设计和施工方案的审核关,合理开支施工措施费及按合理工期组织施工,避开不必要的赶工费,因设计变更或漏项而造 力、物资、资金的损失和停工等损失。对于某些子项目,可以采取先作样板后正式铺开的做法,通过样板发现施工图纸中不能发现的理由,从而避开正式展开施工后出现大面积返工的情况。
        5、竣工结算阶段
        工结算是建设工程造价管理的一个重要环节,是合理确定单位工程造价和竣工决算的前提和保障。做好工程结算的审查应着重把握几个主要环节:分析竣工资料,核实工程数量,对未做的工作内容在结算时应予扣除;审查现场签证的真实、合理性;严格审查施工合同,核准工程结算范围,确定施工工期,正确进行索赔;审查定额使用、政策调整的合理性、准确性,审查是 全文地址:http://www.abcanuncios.com/dsgclw/lw51000.html
      论文写作技巧论文写作技巧

      关于简述建筑工程各阶段的造价制约与管理论文范文由7彩论文网整理编辑提供免费阅读硕士毕业论文
    1. <progress id="jsvqi"><track id="jsvqi"><noframes id="jsvqi"></noframes></track></progress>
    2. <li id="jsvqi"></li>
        <progress id="jsvqi"><big id="jsvqi"><video id="jsvqi"></video></big></progress>

        <dd id="jsvqi"><pre id="jsvqi"></pre></dd>
        <rp id="jsvqi"></rp>
        <dd id="jsvqi"><track id="jsvqi"></track></dd>
        2元彩票2元彩票网址 3656uu.com | www.37377y.com | www.2373g.com | www.343918.com | 38238d.com | 8569811n.com | www.pj1314.com | www.4694z.com | www.dy310.com | www.599436.com | 88903737.com | 641155.com | www.zb399.com | www.b35vv.com | www.54968h.com | www.226075.com | vns00.vip | 2543009.com | www.8882244.com | www.7240h.com | www.701651.com | rrr8827.com | 65005y.com | www.88gew.com | www.99552.com | www.0014z.com | 33567u.com | zzylc2.com | www.h7788i.com | www.3066dd.com | www.caim3.com | 2828394.com | 55818u.com | 555x2.com | 66449193.com | 01dd.cc | www.bjd999.com | www.182323.com | 32126q.net | df8d.com | www.qmc0011.com | www.8667f.com | xx888d.com | y33.com | www.8967a.com | www.216777aa.com | 3778jj.com | www.88807j.com | www.8905p.com | www.193987.com | bdg1166.com | www.3643g.com | www.4102n.com | www.43818a.com | 80368ww.com | www.665888005.com | www.22062d.com | 1483xx.com | 2355w.com | www.97937.com | www.c136.vip | vip4553.com | www.5849.com | www.978366.com | z7788.com | www.2078a.com | www.rfdc04.com | 6261r.com | www.a67783.com | www.06820h.com | www.143552.com | g7742.com | www.557244.com | www.88cmc.com | 7742ii.com | www.amxhtd8.com | www.h3658.com | tt3405.com | www.pu0012.com | www.06617b.com | www.217113.com | 921290.com | www.7225q.com | www.50024u.com | 3189bb.com | www.12136d.com | 3189z.com | www.147891635.com | www.1449.com | 71707h.com | www.dhy1114.com | www.9356f.com | 99567e.com | www.544569.com | www.860836.com | 7200163.com | www.sb5508.com | www.84499e.com | 9894.co | www.68993227.com | hg999333r.com | www.904044.com | www.585721.com | 7346600.com | www.1111jsc.com | www.6889797.com | 0652v.com | www.16297788.com | www.444602.com | 518cp55.com | www.11599099.com | 97987-4.com | www.42842809.com | buyu981.com | www.wugou135.com | www.008ac.com | 54241133.com | www.3566.com | 222.am | www.4136x.com | 2595u.com | www.58777f.com | www.c705.cc | 55818z.com | www.4809q.com | 4288a.com | www.11599125.com | 243d3.com | www.033001.com | www.599416.com | 44555156.com | www.005ac.com | xx5443.com | www.368381.com | swin.com | www.802sun.com | 8159zz.cc | www.85857m.com | 500000418.com | www.hg2297.com | www.786819.com | 3018pp.com | www.51515l.com | 87965hh.com | www.0343v.com | 3656ww.com | www.44118x.com | yz57.com | www.50hd.cc | 86226d.com | www.663558.com | 623670.com | www.hg6668.ph | yun889.com | www.C6371.COM | 0860r.com | www.7370.com | 4116p.com | www.3066bb.com | 4036cc.com | www.55070y.com | 5651x.com | www.38138d.com | pjxinjiang.com | www.16k0048.com | 1916w.com | www.xpj7.net | 7508c.com | www.61655l.com | 500000451.com | www.9818o.cc | www.06bwin.com | www.375951.com | www.3643g.com | www.207881.com | www.6699mmmm.com | 80850.com | www.10999s.com | 91019p.com | www.pj888l.com | 1077nn.com | www.022j.cc | www.jsh110.com | www.595953.com | www.67574.com | 4405596.com | www.tyc714.com | mayait.cn | www.410087.com | laok1188.com | www.550347.com | www.me6622.com | ccidnet.com | www.8473a.com | u4255.com | www.84499j.com | www.661zr.com | www.0586777.com | www.448868.com | 36400011.com | www.xinhuangguan.net | www.0679555.com | 778074.com | www.rg5.com | 3999xl.com | www.9g9g9g.com | 1259g.com | www.175131.com | www.jjjj008.com | 80878w.com | www.68568x.com | www.99yh765.com | 2709f.com | www.357336.com | 11bb8332.com | www.431016.com | www.jcbo13.com | 4165i.com | www.26199.com | www.698012.com | bwin68888.cc | www.00840v.com | www.05058006.com | dd7742.com | www.88801.com | www.a2a444.cc | 2012bet5.com | www.hg9388.xyz | www.7171sun.com | 99306n.com | www.97828o.vip | 889a.net | 6423x.com | www.77803y.com | www.00618m.com | 19991p.com | www.50051g.com | www.hg9556.com | 56988c.com | www.3552d.com | www.long86.net | js89h.vip | www.910977.com | www.jgj230230.com | 7736p.com | www.560681.com | www.4727088.com | 3844d.com | 58588.com | www.0088hgaa.com | www.7111f.com | 2012bet88.com | www.sj119.9slyl.com | www.dzcp1111.com | P35k.com | yidali.com | www.2408a.com | www.50000955.co | 702215.com | 1235.com | www.76520w.com | www.qlm988.com | qg292.com | www.33112o.com | www.siji06.com | www.mmtx22.com | 78666x.com | www.516113.com | www.33678oo.com | www.32126q.net | 1331xx.com | www.661929.com | www.gbt0201.com | www.bet3651114.com | dzj0707.com | www.389644.com | www.07679q.com | www.7111w.com | 36406688.com | 272e.net | www.876297.com | www.9895u.com | www.98717s.com | 566777c.com | 4975.am | www.66653q.com | www.5966zzz.com | 1728862.com | 63777.com | www.500021.com | www.33618722.com | www.789msc.com | 4123yy.com | i32365.com | www.257630.com | www.22062a.com | www.88xxcp.com | www.pj5908.com | 550111a.com | 30006l.com | www.3416j.com | www.4058zz.com | www.yinhennnn.com | 35252v.com | hg00566com | www.303472.com | www.87668f.com | www.8967z.com | www.4972uu.com | 08159n.com | tzvip2023.com | www.599190.com | www.55785.com | www.c747.com | www.3657h.com | bet35365j.com | 4165v.com | 518cp-9.com | www.599457.com | www.vip88.so | www.63606u.com | www.822620.com | www.hg0656.com | p2490.com | 11018y.com | 66458v.com | www.599845.com | www.89338c.com | www.99552nn.com | www.2945g.com | www.tai55.com | 452357.com | 33kk8331.com | 7742z.com | 59599r.com | www.083025.com | www.hx3355.com | www.7434.com | www.8577g.cc | www.1851117.com | www.hg30.com | www.hg8197.com | www.aobo8866.com | 7610.com | 69111a.com | 86611h.com | 20188m.com | m2554.com | www.109307.com | www.898953.com | www.06500w.com | www.311999.cc | www.2021o.com | www.cp0028.com | www.300699.com | www.f333js.com | www.1019990.com | 4195c.com | 80368ll.com | 2012vip66.com | 78997.com | 2709j.com | 88535a.com | 5446f.com | 5309c.com | ylzz633.com | kbk2275.com | www.150822.com | www.547677.com | www.808731.com | www.tctx6.com | 2373g.com | 3844qq.com | www.e2894.com | www.157479.com | www.alpk55.com | www.yh8004.com | 5030.com | www.600939.com | www.xjs8895.com | JS191.com | www.422442.com | www.8aobo.com | www.006635.com | www.spj00.net | www.0636d.com | www.223456y.com | 21366l.com | 11422.vip | abf386.com | xhtdbaidu.com | 520159407.com | xuxrbmlu.cn | 22ee8331.com | 01234jjj.com | www.8473d.com | www.4107y.com | www.88837y.com | www.ttn88.com | www.ao2016.com | www.49936.com | www.gd35155.com | www.848777u.com | www.820032.com | www.7249n.com | www.71233s.com | www.2373p.com | www.811927.com | www.183572.com | 11668331.com | huangma13.com | 7799sj.com | zunyi801.com | 5003.cc | www.s30226.com | www.387411.com | www.789msc.com | www.b7764.com | www.3775r.com | www.33112j.com | www.870013.com | www.106576.com | 36408811.com | 159666n.com | 87965mm.com | www.4759ss.com | www.7045d.com | www.qmc0022.com | www.6057777.com | www.52011.tv | www.587991.com | www.28758f.com | www.kk2229.com | www.86999b.com | www.hbet98.com | www.8039a.com | www.345529.com | 101.net | 3304r.com | 500000713.com | www.9996ww.com | www.13555a.com | www.70669a.com | www.5095f.com | www.m.cp533pc.vip | 55557.com | 33318q.com | www.608333.com | www.jgj230230.com | www.325860.com | www.lqc6.com | 346892.com | 0099220.com | 5517.com | www.z7793.com | www.979303.com | www.786819.com | 56988a.com | u82365.com | www.066116.com | www.k456x.com | www.dy910.com | www.330985.com | 3822n.com | 23800z.com | www.long-8.com | www.75600b.com | www.699925.com | aa33332.com | 063971.com | www.sun8777.com | www.26yh.com | www.win1235.com | www.511079.com | 9103aa.com | 748.net | www.20199ss.com | www.88266y.com | 4195qq.com | 3467w.am | www.blr0866.com | www.0044sun.com | www.599505.com | 22299oo.com | www.sjg900.com | www.jl708.com | www.15355h.com | 3822u.com | hgyz33.com | www.9009798.com | www.99099hh.com | ylzz633.com | js777dl.com | www.t7888.com | www.81520s.com | 33567p.com | 8577b.cc | www.77731e.com | www.3890e.com | 3304ff.com | www.yh66606.com | www.673888w.com | www.876433.com | swtyddd.com | www.fh6000.com | www.68365q.com | www.36788v.com | 80368ee.com | www.377977.com | www.2632f.com | 61828.info | www.ca1066.com | www.3421e.com | 55155e.com | 667766.com | www.rcw88.vip | www.798288.com | so9999.cc | www.pj8980.com | www.39500j.com | 1636002.com | www.dy6611.com | www.33mgm777.com | xx888q.com | www.v1636.com | www.3a331.com | 2820t.com | 12742j.com | www.103575.com | 8333.org | www.25678.com | www.h36588.com | 33382ee.com | www.xh9111.com | www.2111a.com | 3189p.com | www.766848.com | www.4923a.com | 1479x.com | www.27878gg.com | www.33997h.com | 1288m.com | www.159kj.com | www.921599.com | 66458u.com | www.97060g.com | www.106135.com | 800034338.com | www.323195.com | 00048o.com | www.xpj8874.com | www.kc37.com | 092656.com | www.4996yc.com | 87665r.com | www.66313.com | www.65707q.com | 0615020.com | www.52tyc.com | www.210155.com | 06006v.com | www.6011888.com | 2595v.com | www.5055msc.com | www.208990.com | www.81866l.com | www.7239z.com | 2000c.cc | www.4694c.com | jinguan4455.com | www.7711sb.com | www.qucp7.com | 3825.com | www.0343z.com | 333pj8.cc | www.163a2.com | 2844g.com | www.16297777.com | www.529026.com | www.8520c.com | www.33997y.com | 28839v.com | www.8188.tw | 680556.com | www.4963q.com | 20558866.com | www.065666.com | www.126059.com | www.hg7088.sh | www.c6097.com | le888g.com | www.95666w.com | 67888q.cc | www.07679g.com | 538vns.cc | www.hg8nn.com | ms38648ll.cc | www.158cai.com | vns9188.co | www.986655.com | feicai0580.com | www.778l.com | 23800u.com | www.vns0000000.com | www.77114o.com | www.wnsr66.com | www.330175.com | www.88807j.com | www.394689.com | www.hg8728.net | www.535267.com | www.56520w.com | www.450689.com | www.88807z.com | www.178762.com | www.16297766.com | n888go.com | www.xpj63.com | 3156eee.com | www.5118.cc | 3122x.com | www.759027.com | 58222cc.com | www.57800s.com | 4066kk.com | www.738055.com | 4340r.com | www.x55789.com | 80368pp.com | www.36166z.com | 5446dd.com | www.896010.com | www.hg2267.com | www.68689e.com | www.872879.com | 2355.com | www.mgm868006.com | 3066rrr.com | www.ribo80.cc | zhcp76.com | www.c166.vip | www.u8867.com | 55tt8332.com | www.ggl.99233l.com | 61652f.com | www.68993251.com | 71245.com | www.801896.com | www.k84551.com | hg999333t.com | www.4136z.com | 7599x.com | www.52303s.com | www.hgc333.com | www.196037.com | www.dpcq2.hly.com | amhg022.com | www.3775b.com | 26444a.com | www.506586.com | www.35789.com | hh01234.com | www.ykylc05.com | 99306j.com | www.203059.com | www.998855h.com | yhc998.com | www.66652l.com | www.yh8214.com | 50022277.com | www.99552xx.com | 7989n.com | www.327836.com | www.hf9011.com | 4461d.com | www.2934l.com | www.888zr993.com | 3413377.com | www.7886278.com | www.pj8858.com | 84498833.com | www.i2894.com | 996622yy.com | 34311.com | www.j80288.com | 11jj8332.com | www.166125.com | www.71071m.com | 55331g.com | www.299850.com | www.xx3.com | w2490.com | www.330832.com | www.19yh1.com | qjdy004.com | www.278688.com | www.0044xpj.net | 2997700.com | www.50080i.com | www.2021j.com | 81511.com | 33567i.com | www.0343m.com | www.hg5588.net | 009900o.com | www.68682l.com | www.xhtd05.com | 6haocom | www.924377.com | www.cp67772.com | wb099.com | 7605b.com | www.hg5029.com | www.365109a.com | m83377.com | www.2988cai.com | www.990654.com | 3988722.com | www.50052u.com | www.55755.com | www.0505v.com | cp11991.com | www.w459.com | www.yzcp2026.com | 500000431.com | 4379.com | www.51331j.com | www.004949.com | 11tt8332.com | amxj365.com | www.333682.com | www.946466.com | 4488f.com | 66300vip45.com | www.9422f.com | www.hg2219.com | 8037a.com | 8881779.com | www.1213688.com | www.hg7321.com | yf688.org | 683bet.com | www.34788r.com | www.2y936.com | 5589a.com | js14o.com | www.856657.com | www.9997018.com | www.746441.com | yh55222.com | www.003895.com | www.99080044.com | www.785888.com | 7989d.com | 472709.com | www.666937.com | www.8905e.com | www.17828z.com | 9649m.com | r15666.com | www.975961.com | www.a80288.com | www.77537z.com | 3522uu.com | ooo3405.com | www.hf6680.com | www.280.cc | www.cn0013.com | gc8.com | 4025b.com | www.210715.com | www.7714b.com | www.88562.com | www.yh8213.com | 5002nnn.com | 3405www.com | www.711863.com | www.093728.com | www.01885b.com | www.888vm.com | 86611n.com | 7726ooo.com | www.661929.com | www.0601h.com | www.9c123.com | www.pj23237.com | 4776622.com | cpyz6666.com | 0652i.com | www.987426.com | www.bmw8003.com | www.ii6241.com | www.649589.com | k2554.com | 33432l.com | zz5443.com | www.444079.com | www.53911d.com | www.91779i.com | www.fbs6.com | www.1310909.com | 009900i.com | 7893w15.com | 2061.com | www.055979.com | www.7fk.com | www.fg9904.com | www.16181z.com | www.33sunncity.com | www.yh8214.com | 2555.com | 1231313.com | 2233blg.com | 3225s.com | www.346918.com | www.686c.com | www.jsyl.cm | www.d83377.com | www.13555a.com | www.7172211.com | www.85770w.com | 2649ww.com | 5003hh.com | 8547nn.com | 28288j.com | 2019ii.cc | www.304110.com | www.931669.com | www.32123x.com | www.5856862.com | www.8080999b.com | www.199424.com | www.08400.cc | www.lfg222.com | www.799007.com | d8504.com | 983888c.com | 30019oo.com | 3242r.com | 88455.com | 88535a.com | 1775aa.com | 58222b.com | 77727720.com | www.196807.com | www.619939.com | www.c148.vip | www.0014v.com | www.55885g.com | www.109337.com | www.r98478.com | www.7036fh.com | www.1754m.com | www.0082737.com | www.hga22200.com | www.tc8803.com | www.3239888.com | www.76775e.com | www.long-8.com | www.xin8884.com | www.mapai02.com | www.js6667.com | www.3459p.com | www.40818b.com | www.70060000.com | www.kkwns.com | www.pjgansu.com | www.kim111.com | www.vns0100.com | www.666xin2.com | www.033033h.com | www.vns0800.com | www.35530.com | www.373xpj.com | www.0636h.com | www.0377365.com | www.76543j.com | www.77537w.com | www.66930055.com | www.hg3422.com | www.6137f.com | www.28758c.com | www.lpj2222.com | www.hrtsh.com | www.271998.com | www.v88131.com | www.w84r.com | www.7240h.com | www.js7583.com | www.55228j.com | www.918io.com | www.914902.com | www.573667.com | www.177109.com | 44pp8332.com | 15g4.net | x33y.vip | 8037iii.com | 6261e.com | 33115ff.com | www.6cw.org | www.2288098.com | www.82788.com | www.566652.com | www.245885.com | www.yh6699.bet | www.53900j.com | www.960201.com | www.342077.com | 7141kk.com | 500000436.com | bwin8g.com | 9649o.com | 1775mm.com | www.777444i.com | www.899866.com | www.4963yy.com | www.xpj8118.com | www.7239w.com | www.c6883.com | www.233104.com | 444365ggg.com | 898v.com | x33b.vip | www.ylhg6868.com | www.4848p.com | www.a526688.com | www.pj55714.com | www.41518j.com | www.550214.com | 5004zz.com | 5802ff.com | 0033886.com | www.hg226.cm | www.8825666.com | www.xj7007.com | www.998855aa.com | www.811756.com | 500000797.com | 8535.com | am5858.cc | www.09569f.com | www.1168x.com | www.hg0296.com | www.995772.com | 1916q.com | 1489m.com | feicai0555.com | www.25025.cc | www.19019y.com | www.xb8822.com | www.690776.com | 8159ooo.cc | 4152d.com | www.333hwx.com | www.16602g.com | www.7240p.com | www.806726.com | 3482h.com | 9339999u.com | www.pu3888.com | www.668cp22.com | www.8887sy.com | www.404977.com | 1331ff.com | jz7jz7.com | www.22667712.com | www.995223.com | www.fcyl2.com | 86mv.com | yhjilin.vip | www.9889msc.com | www.5981e.com | www.5799.cc | 69234.cc | 9339999q.com | www.lfg222.com | www.1559504.com | www.096wy.com | 24768.com | 6261q.com | www.b5233.com | www.60886m.com | www.897296.com | 33678ee.com | 87665n.com | www.18228.net | www.dyloto9.com | hnzresearch.com | mg4156.vip | www.4107q.com | www.246776.com | www.976500.com | 15930000.com | wxyxqy.com | www.tc8805.com | www.76520c.com | bbs.classic023.com | js75bb.com | www.566455.com | www.046161.com | www.271696.com | 1443e.com | www.3834504.com | www.838769.com | www.370766.com | n3410.com | www.js889x.com | www.t09738.com | 88905353.com | 20055599.com | www.03543.com | www.66376k.com | 365225.com | 923560.com | www.4694s.com | www.876488.com | 7893w9.com | www.20161122.com | www.9989575.com | 23800u.com | feicai0557.com | www.668cp77.com | www.c1636.com | ll1331.com | www.330099d.com | www.68993231.com | h45638.com | 55gg8331.com | www.55060u.com | www.506951.com | yabo1188.com | www.hg6733.com | www.022gs.cc | 1775s.com | www.xpj171.com | www.7714k.com | 706801.net | www.m33678.com | www.75600x.com | 3004.com | www.3983139.com | www.0600b.cc | 077077.com | 650pj.com | www.73990t.com | bet99929.com | 8827ii.com | www.593152.com | 80368j.com | 115506.com | www.30350z.com | 63305.com | www.8520m.com | www.blr5544.com | 2306m.com | www.28758i.com | www.2418002.com | bjzhuowen.com | www.88837b.com | www.39500m.com | t61788.com | www.yh684.com | www.775703.com | 8522aaaa.com | www.jz9788.com | www.025728.com | amjsc02.com | www.lge.huya | 3405aaa.com | www.r27229.com | www.50064f.com | 1122589.com | www.d9008.com | www.406577.com | 2373i.com | www.1434z.com | 37111c.com | www.js16689.com | www.687829.com |