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      关于分析艺术设计专业基础课程教学创新网站位置: >> 艺术论文 >> 平面设计论文 >> 浏览文章
      分析艺术设计专业基础课程教学创新

      论文导读:业学校艺术设计专业招收的学生在入学前大部分是没有接受过专业的美术训练的,对设计更是知之甚少。一些学生认为设计就是画画,艺术设计专业的基础课程所学的内容正是传统的绘画素描及色彩。然而传统绘画课程主要是针对美院学生的,这样的课程从一开始就已经错误地引导了学生对于设计的认识和理解。结合多年设计教育工作经验,笔

      艺术设计专业基础课程教学创新研究摘 要: 随着国家经济的快速发展,社会对职业教育的需求日益增大,国家对职业教育越来越重视。对于国家来说,培养符合新经济、新市场的技能型人才就显得特别迫切。面对这一课题,职业教育更被赋予了时代的责任。如何培养适应于区域经济和产业发展的合格技术型应用人才是每个职业教育工作者需要关注和研究的。作者就艺术设计专业基础课程设置目前状况,从专业自身特点出发,结合中等职业教育改革与发展的基本要求,对中等职业学校艺术设计基础课程设置提出想法。
        关键词: 中等职业教育 艺术设计 基础课程 应用型
        一、艺术设计基础课程目前状况
        艺术设计专业大概有以下几个方向:室内设计、平面设计、动漫设计与制作、家具设计。主要课程有专业基础课程、快速表现课程、计算机辅助设计、设计史、实训课、选修课。专业基础课开课时间一般为第一学期和第二学期,课程设置内容为素描和色彩。
        中等职业学校艺术设计专业招收的学生在入学前大部分是没有接受过专业的美术训练的,对设计更是知之甚少。一些学生认为设计就是画画,艺术设计专业的基础课程所学的内容正是传统的绘画素描及色彩。然而传统绘画课程主要是针对美院学生的,这样的课程从一开始就已经错误地引导了学生对于设计的认识和理解。结合多年设计教育工作经验,笔者认为从本质上说,传统美术绘画对专业课程的学习与掌握本身并没有太大帮助。恰恰相反,在短短一年时间内学生的美术基础素描和色彩的掌握仅仅停留在临摹上。同时,由于缺乏专业训练基础,部分学生的绘画并没有达到想象中的标准,间接影响学生专业学习的兴趣。这样的课程设置和基础教学本身就违背了职业学校对于学生职业技能掌握的教育理念和初衷。
        2007年到现在近七年的时间,中国职业教育得到了快速发展,国家十二五教育发展规划纲要特别注重职业教育,这就对现在的职业教育提出了更高的要求。中等职业学校艺术设计专业注重培养有一定设计理论基础、动手能力强,适应经济和产业发展的实用型设计应用人才,而不是培养绘画型艺术人才。
        二、艺术设计专业改革创新的方向
        基于此,笔者认为该专业的教学模式可从以下方面进行改革创新。
        1.基础课程设置方面
        针对艺术设计专业的学生,在专业基础课的开设上应着重于学生职业需求的基础性训练,有别于纯美术专业的基础训练的侧重点,基础课教学应该是一个实用性与实验性并存的课程。应该一改以往传统素描和色彩的教学模式,重在培养学生的设计能力,课程设置方面可尝试改革成设计素描和设计色彩。主要要求学生了解素描的历史样式,熟悉形式元素及形态,掌握透视与观察。在色彩设计方面,让学生重点理解色彩的视觉现象,掌握色彩的视觉原理,强化色彩的造型意识,形成学生本体对色彩理论及色彩构成的相关知识体系的形成。在基础课程设置时应该立足设计能力培养,注重设计思想和设计基本策略的教育,让学生充分理解什么是设计,将来从事的是怎样的工作,区分设计和绘画的概念,教会他们如何设计。
        倡议开设课程:平面构成、立体构成、透视与结构、形式表现策略、色彩视觉原理、色彩视觉现象、色彩造型、色彩理论及色立体、色彩构成与色彩设计。
        2.专业教师的教育教学倡议
        作为一名艺术设计教学工作者,笔者认为首先要在大脑里建立设计观念,以这样的观念指导教学行为。关于艺术设计教学这一理由,我国著名艺术学家、工艺美术史论家、美术教育家、我国高等院校第一艺术学专业的创办人张道一教授在1983年的论著《设计观念》中已明确提出。他在这篇文章中,针对当时我国工艺美术教育中教学目标不明确、设计观念十分淡薄的目前状况,明确地提出工艺美术教学的关键理由是树立设计观念,反对以“画画”代替“设计”。鉴于此,艺术设计基础课程任课教师应该树立设计观,多接触和学习前沿设计思想,丰富设计知识,站在设计师的角度设计基础课教学,培养学生的设计思维能力和兴趣。
        三、结语
        设计基础课程是学好设计专业课的重中之重,是培养学生设计能力、创新能力和审美能力的基础,是很好地衔接专业课程的必备条件。设计基础课程的设置显得尤为重要,它是整个设计专业课的教学根本,直接关系学生的学习和就业。我们应该从职业学校人才培养目标出发(应用型人才),结合专业自身特点,制定合理科学的设计基础课程,为职业学校艺术设计教学工作贡献微薄之力。
        参考文献:
        [1]奚传绩.设计艺术经典论著选读.南京.东南大学出版社,2002.
        [2]朱铭,奚传绩.设计艺术教育大事典.山东教育出版社,2001. 全文地址:http://www.abcanuncios.com/pmsjlw/lw50816.html
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      关于分析艺术设计专业基础课程教学创新论文范文由7彩论文网整理编辑提供免费阅读硕士毕业论文
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