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      关于探讨英语教师课堂角色的转换网站位置: >> 英语论文 >> 英语语言学论文 >> 浏览文章
      探讨英语教师课堂角色的转换

      论文导读:

      英语教师课堂角色的转换一、英语课堂教学目前的目前状况
       。ㄒ唬┙淌,学生听,依然是比较普遍的课堂教学模式
        近几年来,虽然英语课堂教学较以往有所变化,但大多数教师仍然沿袭过去的陈旧策略——教师讲,学生听,教师在课堂教学中所起的角色作用仅仅是语言知识的传授者和学生语言错误的纠正者,文字的搬运工,自始至终进行“填鸭式”教学,而没有真正起到学生和语言学习之间的桥梁和纽带作用,使得语言的教与学陷入十分被动的局面,课堂气氛沉闷,枯燥无味,更谈不上运用所学语言进行信息和情感交流了。
       。ǘ┯镅越萄Э斩、盲目,缺乏使用真实环境的过程
        语言的交流是在一定的真实环境下进行的,离开了一定的语言情境,一切交流都变得非?斩、盲目。近些年来,随着新课程标准的提出和实施,教育的不断改革和发展,许多教科书在编排过程中都有意识地在每个单元的第一课里设计了一个听说课,其目的就是要加强语言情境教学的功能,从而达到语言交际的目的。但由于种种理由,大多数教师却忽略了这一点,使得这一设计失去了它最初的作用。
        二、英语教师课堂角色转换的依据
        为了进一步说明英语教师课堂角色转换的紧迫性,笔者对本校高三某班的50名学生进行了一次英语教师课堂印象的问卷调查(见下表):
        通过上表的调查我们不难发现,学生主要是在向往一种“教”与“学”的和谐统一,正如李岚清同志在第二个教师节与一些教育工作者座谈时强调的:“一位优秀的教师就是一位开发人力资源的科学家、专家!
        三、新型教学模式下,英语教师应扮演哪些角色
       。ㄒ唬┙淌κ墙萄У拇丛煺
        提倡平等和谐的师生关系,强调学习者的主体地位,有助于学生身心健康,提高学习效率。因此,英语教师首先要创造一个良好的、适合学生学习英语的轻松和谐的课堂气氛和学习环境,使学生的学习有事半功倍的效果。其次,要根据本地区、本班级的英语课堂的具体实际情况,创造适应于自己和学生的教学策略,并注重学习指导,善于激发和调动全体学生的学习积极性、主动性、创造性,激发兴趣,培养良好的学习习惯、策略。
       。ǘ┙淌κ墙萄У牟斡胝
        教师成为教学的参与者就是要求教师以平等的态度参加教学活动,做好示范,而不只是知识的传授者。通过教师的参与来激发学生的参与意识。教师参与学生的语言实践活动,成为学生的一个交际合作伙伴,这在一定程度上会起到调节课堂气氛的作用,无形中使学生感觉到教师是他们中的一员,这在很大程度上有利于消除学生的紧张情绪和心理障碍,激发学生参与语言交际活动的兴趣。
       。ㄈ┙淌κ茄⒄沟耐贫、引导者
        教学活动是师生间的双边互动式活动。在教学活动中,教师要充分发挥学生的主体作用,尽可能利用各种策略排除学生的心理障碍,帮助他们树立信心,提高他们的学习兴趣,不断改善学生的学习策略。我们可以借鉴心理学中的“皮格马利翁效应”和“罗森塔尔效应”,给学生无尽的爱和关怀;给学生积极的评价和最高的期望,让他们产生一种积极向上的勇气和力量,从而树立起坚定的信心,推动他们不断发展。同时,在教学中要发挥教师的引导作用。教师的引导作用主要在于教师对于学生各种兴趣的积极引导,组织好课内外各种活动,并指导学生学习英语的策略,为他们选材解疑,帮助他们养成良好的学习习惯和培养自学能力,从而保持他们高昂的学习积极性。
       。ㄋ模┙淌κ茄芯空吆脱罢
        社会生活的信息化和经济全球化,使英语的重要性日益突显,另外,由于社会的不断进步与发展,学生接受新信息、新知识、新事物的呼声越来越高,因此,过去过分强调和重视语法和词汇知识的讲解与传授,忽视对学生实际语言运用能力的培养的课程,已经不适合学生的发展。正是由于这个理由,我区一直以来都在进行着课程改革的尝试,新课标不仅在课程内容、课程结构、学生学习方式和学习制度、教育教学方式和研究方式、教学评价方式以及学校管理方式等方面都有很大的转变,而且在课程目标、内容标准和课程实施与评价等方面都重新做了详尽的阐述。这些方面的转变和阐述都对教师提出了前所未有的更高的要求。从这个作用上来讲,教师的角色应该由过去的授课者向研究者和学习者转变。
        编辑 张珍珍 全文地址:http://www.abcanuncios.com/yyyyxlw/lw50945.html
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