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      关于探讨初中生英语听力能力的培养网站位置: >> 英语论文 >> 英语语言学论文 >> 浏览文章
      探讨初中生英语听力能力的培养

      论文导读:。我们现在的教育大都是在教师的“灌溉”模式下进行的,学生在既定的时间就已经清楚了自己要学习的知识,这种教学模式很难给学生的学习带来新鲜感和挑战感,而让学生在无意间学习正是素质教育贯彻的创新性教学。教师可以让学生在晨读课中抽出10分钟进行听力训练;可以在课间时间播放英语听力;可以在中午播放英语听力,这样学生便

      浅谈初中生英语听力能力的培养【摘要】初中三年的时间是提高学生英语综合能力的最佳时期,尤其是对于提高学生的听力能力来说,学生在听力训练的初期就能够通过正规的训练加以纠正和提高,这种训练对于学生的学习来说起着十分重要的作用。
        【关键词】初中英语 听力训练 强化
        英语听力水平的高低有助于学生的阅读、写作和口语表达能力的提升,听力训练如果没有起到一个很好的提升作用,将会直接影响中学生的整体英语水平。
        一、营造听力的课堂氛围
        对于我国的中学生而言,由于学生从小就是在母语的环境中进行英语的学习的,所以学生对英语听力的反应并不是十分的迅速,因而在进行听力的训练时,教师要尽可能的为学生营造舒适的听力氛围,舒适的听力氛围不仅有利于提高学生的听力兴趣,更有利于提高学生的听力效率。有的教师错误的认为舒适的听力氛围就是绝对安静的氛围,这是一种极其错误的想法,在很多情况下绝对的安静容易让学生产生紧张和害怕的心理,试问学生在紧张和害怕的心理下又如何才能发挥正常的听力水平呢?
        1.教师可以经常性的为学生播放幽默的英语故事。我们都知道,初中生在进行英语听力训练时基本上都会选择一些与考试紧密相关的对话和文章,学生们长时间听这些较为枯燥的对话和文章,必定会产生厌听的情绪,而这时教师一旦转换听力风格,也许只是一个简单的小笑话,都会让学生会心一笑,从而缓解紧张的听力氛围,改善学生的听力环境。
        2.教师可以在播放听力时配以相应的背景音乐。很多时候音乐不仅可以起到愉悦心情、放松心情的作用,也会提高学生的听力效率。 比如在听九年级上册的“Teenage problems”时,单调的朗读往往会让学生产生听力的抵触情绪,这时教师就可以加上一些轻缓的背景音乐,学生在相应的背景音乐下更能体会到听力内容的内涵,同时也会在不知不觉中感受到听力的愉悦感。
        3.教师尽可能的为学生提供深思的时间。很多学生在听到一段对话之后还没有反应过来就已经进行了下一段对话的听力中,学生只能随便的选择一个答案,这种听力模式很难提高学生的听力水平。教师可以在学生听到一段对话之后给学生留出一定的深思时间,这样学生不但可以深思自己听到的内容,同时也会提高听力的准确度,从而提高听力的水平。
        二、培养学生说的能力
        听和说在一定程度上可以说是英语学习的一个互逆的过程,也就是说学生只有在会说的前提下才能逐渐的提高听力的能力,也只有在会听的前提下才能逐步的提高说英语的能力。因而教师可以通过提高学生说英语的方式来提高学生的英语听力水平。一方面要让学生养成英语课上说英语的习惯。对于现阶段的初中英语教学来说,英语课堂基本上也都是在汉语的背景下进行的,学生没有说英语的习惯,自然也不会提高听力的水平。教师可以充分利用英语教材上的内容,让学生勤于动口、勤于说英语。只要教师能够充分利用教材中的内容,让学生让养成说英语的习惯,就会为学生听力水平的提高打下良好的基础。另一方面要让学生在课外多说英语?翁蒙系氖奔浔暇故怯邢薜,如果学生能够很好的利用课外时间多说英语,也会有助于学生英语听力能力的提升。教师可以利用课余时间深入到学生的生活中,从生活中常见的话题入手,如学生们喜欢的明星、近期发生的热点新闻、自己的理想等等话题,一开始教师可以用汉语加入学生的讨论中,当学生都能够接受教师的加入时,教师就可以逐步的在交流中加入一些英语单词,如果学生不能理解,教师便可以借机向学生讲解一下单词的含义,久而久之一旦学生习惯了英语的存在,也就会尝试着自己去说英语。
        三、强化英语听力训练
        英语听力训练是一个连续的过程,学生不仅要尽可能的多听英语,还要保证每天在固定的时间段内进行英语听力的训练。强化英语听力训练并不是让学生每时每刻都能进行听力的训练,这样不但不会提高学生的听力水平,反而会造成学生的厌听情绪。所谓的强化训练就是让学生养成听力的习惯、掌握听力的技巧。首先,教师可以让学生在无意中养成听英语的习惯。我们现在的教育大都是在教师的“灌溉”模式下进行的,学生在既定的时间就已经清楚了自己要学习的知识,这种教学模式很难给学生的学习带来新鲜感和挑战感,而让学生在无意间学习正是素质教育贯彻的创新性教学。教师可以让学生在晨读课中抽出10分钟进行听力训练;可以在课间时间播放英语听力;可以在中午播放英语听力,这样学生便能够在吃饭的时候听到英语,可以在游戏的时候听到英语,可以在休息的时候听到英语。无意间的听力训练不需要学生集中全部的注意力,也不需要学生全部听懂,只需要学生熟悉英语听力环境、养成听力的习惯即可。其次充分利用课堂时间进行强化训练。对于提高学生的英语听力来说,掌握好课堂宝贵的时间是十分重要的。教师可以让学生在课堂上进行听写训练,即在播放完一段对话或者文章之后,让学生把听到的内容复述一遍。比如在学习课文“travelling ”之前,教师可以先让学生进行课文的听写训练,学生在训练了听力的同时也能对本堂课的学习内容有一个充分的了解。
        总之,听力水平的提升并不是一蹴而就的事情,也不是通过单纯的听力训练就能够达到要求的,它需要教师为学生创设良好的听力环境,并能够综合听说读写各个环节,以此来提高学生的听力水平。
        参考文献:
        [1]高艳红.浅析英语听力教学的策略和技能[J].成才之路. 2009(2).
        [2]张少年.简论英语听说能力的培养及测试策略[J].新课程(教师版).2006(11). 全文地址:http://www.abcanuncios.com/yyyyxlw/lw50952.html
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      关于探讨初中生英语听力能力的培养论文范文由7彩论文网整理编辑提供免费阅读硕士毕业论文
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